Sol/gel transition of chitosan solutions



ARTICLE Sol/gel transition of chitosan solutions
CHINESE TITLE 壳聚糖溶液的溶胶/凝胶过渡
JOURNAL Journal of Biomaterials Science, Polymer Edition
PRESS Brill Academic Publishers
WRITER (1) S. P. Rwei
(2) T. Y. Chen
(3) Y. Y. Cheng
KEY WORDS Key words:Chitosan;storage modulus;elastic modulus;sol/gel transition;polysaccharide;acid concentration;
ISSN (Print) 1568-5624 (Online)
PAGE 1433~1445
DOI 10.1163/156856205774472290
  Chemistry - Polymer Sciences;Industrial Chemistry/Chemical Engineering;Pharmacy
  Received: 2004-8-31;
ABSTRACT This work studies the occurrence of sol/gel transition and the gel rheology for chitosan solution under various conditions. Experiments were conducted in an oscillatory shear apparatus with small amplitude, using a Rheometrics SR-5 rheometer, with Couette and parallel plate geometries. The experimental results demonstrate that the sol/gel transition concentration and the elastic modulus (G′) for CS gel decrease as the pH value and the molecular weight (M w) increase. However, the sol/gel transition concentration and G′ became independent of M w when M w exceeded a threshold. The higher ionization constant, K p, is responsible for the higher sol/gel transition concentration in a formic acid solution than in an acetic acid solution with equivalent molar concentration. The elastic modulus G′ of a CS gel increases with temperature, which relationship differs from that for many polysaccharides, and can be understood through classical rubber elastic theory. Finally, a gel whose concentration was barely above the sol/gel point exhibited aging, and its G′ and G″ declined rather than increase with time, accompanied by a reversal from the sol/gel state back to the sol state. This is an uncommon aging behavior for a polysaccharide and a detailed explanation is provided.

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